What is IX/IXP?
An Internet Exchange Point (IX or IXP) is a physical infrastructure that allows different Internet Service Providers (ISP’s) and sometimes companies with large networks to connect to each other and exchange local traffic between their networks by means of mutual peering agreements, which allow traffic to be exchanged at much faster speeds and reduces the cost of international routing.
So far TISPA has successfully setup the following IXPs across the country in Arusha, Dodoma, TIX (Dar es salaam), Mwanza, Mbeya and Zanzibar
Tanzania Internet eXchange (TIX) — is a project of TISPA and you can visit the portal here.
TIX is currently the main and most successful project of the Tanzania Internet Service Providers Association (TISPA). The intention of the TIX was to provide a local facility to the exchange of internet traffic. This is usually best done by an independent body like an Industry association.
We shall always encourage ISPs in Tanzania to connect their networks with each other and transfer traffic more directly as this will offer new and better routing possibilities, make the surfing of local websites enjoyable and give new opportunities for local content and local business. Last but not least it will also save hard cash for international satellite links.
TIX is situated on 13th floor of Posta House in Dar es Salaam.
Services at The TIX Overview
We operate neutral, reliable, high-speed peering infrastructure in a centrally located facility that is easily accessible to both fibre and wireless networks. We host route servers, Root DNS infrastructure, multiple Content Delivery Networks (CDNs), and other value-added services. We allow both bi-lateral and multi-lateral peering. We also provide monitoring, statistics, and technical support.
To get connected, review our pricing and follow the steps in our new participant connection guide. If you have questions, please contact us.
All peers get 10/100/1000 Mbps port, power and 2 RU on joining and TISPA members get a discounted rate.
Port Capacity Non-Recurring Cost (NRC) ARC(TISPA Member) ARC (Non TISPA Member)
10/100/1000 Mbps $500 $3500 $4000
10 Gbps $500 $4,500 $5,000
Additional 10/100/1000 port $1,200 $1,700
Additional 10 G port $4,125 $4,625
These services are available to customers which also pay for one or more peering ports:
Description Non-Recurring Cost (NRC) Annual Recurring Cost (ARC)
VLAN $100 Free
Cross-connect or PNI Free $300
Additional Rack Unit (RU) $100 $720
Additional Peering IP Address *Free *Free
- Prices are in United States Dollars (USD) and exclude VAT.
- All fees are billed annually and one time payments are most encouraged.
Payments must be submitted in full within 60 days of invoicing and are non-refundable.
- All networks must sign and abide by the terms listed in our Memorandum of Understanding available here.
More details are available here TIX
AIXP is the IXP for Arusha City, it is a Tanzania Internet Service Providers Association (TISPA) project initially funded by Tanzania Communications Regulatory Authority (TCRA). The AIXP has been setup and is maintained by volunteers.
So far there are Six ISP’s connected to AIXP. For more understanding please check the FAQ’s below or contact us, you may also want to visit AIXP’s website.
AIXP is a TISPA project initially funded by the TCRA
What are the Advantages of AIXP?
It’s cost effective, as internet traffic between ISP’s (and their customers) is routed through fast and cheap local links and does not need to cross slow and expensive international satellite circuits thus decrease the cost of bandwidth the ISP’s were to pay. Provides higher data rates, as the traffic that going to other local ISP’s is locally routed through faster local media with fewer hops rather than the slow satellite route with alot of hops thus increasing latency. Encourages hosting of local contents locally, like local websites will be better off hosted locally because of the higher download speeds of local contents. Results to decrease of Internet Services costs.
Who can join the AIXP?
Anyone situated in Arusha can join the AIXP, but it wont make sense if your ISP is an AIXP member already. Although it’s a good idea for big companies with big networks to join the AIXP e.g; Banks, Government Institutions or any company with branches around the country, especially Companies with direct (VSat)connection to satellite for their internet traffic.
Mwanza Internet eXchange Point is the latest addition to the Tanzania Internet Exchanges. Started in 2011 the MIXP is managed by a stakeholders steering committee that includes participants like the resident Internet Service Providers (ISP’s) namely: Airtel, Barmedas.Com, Habari Node Ltd, RAHA StarTel, SpiceNet Communications, SpiderSAT.Com, Tigo, Tanzania Telecommunications Company (TTCL), Vodacom and Zantel as well as a member from Tanzania Communications Regulatory Authority (TCRA) and Tanzania Service Providers Association (TISPA).
Composition of the members on the MIXP Committee
The following were the agreed Terms of References (ToRs) of the committee:
To Process acquisition of premises at Barmedas – Mwanza and Supervise the equipment installations in collaboration with TISPA
Encourage all key stakeholders to peer
Establish MIXP Ownership Structure and mode of operand using the available IXPs (like AIXP and TIXP) best experiences
Call for stakeholders’ meetings
Consider for backup links to peers
The MIXP is run by both TISPA and Mwanza IXP staff.
Current peers at the MIXP:
- RAHA Ltd
- SimbaNet Tanzania Ltd
- SpiceNet Tanzania Ltd
- Tanzania Telecommunication Co. Ltd (TTCL)
- Halotel PLC
- Airtel Tanzania Ltd
- Habari Node ltd
- Vodacom PLC
- Tigo Tanzania Ltd
- CTV Ltd
- Smile Communication
- WiA Company Ltd
Peers currently running links to join:
MIXP has an open policy and we invite you to peer with the MIXP. Please download the MoU here of click the below link to start:
DIXP is the IXP for Dodoma Town, it is a Tanzania Internet Service Providers Association (TISPA) project initially funded by Tanzania Communications Regulatory Authority (TCRA) and hosted at LAPF.
ZIXP is the IXP for Zanzibar Town, it is a Tanzania Internet Service Providers Association (TISPA) project initially funded by Tanzania Communications Regulatory Authority (TCRA).
Africa’s Fibre Deployment Map
Africa’s Fibre Deployment Map courtesy of the Network Startup Resource Centre
In 2011 Tanzania Communications Regulatory Authority (TCRA) and Tanzania Network Information Center (tzNIC) co-hosted the Africa Network Operators Group (AfNOG) trainings in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. As a result of local hosting of the event, about one-third of participants were Tanzanians. This is not the case when the trainings are hosted outside of the country due to associated high costs of travel and living expenses. It was noted therefore that most participants attend these kind of trainings when hosted locally.
In view of the above and from the AfNOG trainer’s observation that most participants, including Tanzanians, had problems in Unix administration, Director General of TCRA directed tzNIC to facilitate the localization of AfNOG trainings in Tanzania.
tzNIC took up the matter and formed the Tanzania Network Operators Group (tzNOG) organizing committee comprising of TCRA members, Tanzania Internet Service Providers Association (TISPA) members and Tanzania Education and Research Network (TERNET) members in 2012. With the support from Network Startup Resource Centre (NSRC), a US based training firm, the tzNOG organizing Committee has schedule an inaugural tzNOG training in Arusha from 28th July to 2nd August 2013. Similar trainings will be held twice a year and in selected locations within the country. The main aim is to provide affordable platforms of building the capacity of local Internet Engineers.
The tzNOG benefits include:
Networking the local Engineers with other experts around the globe;
Providing the network management best practices so as to take advantage of the abundance fibre capacity we have and tap the business potential the Internet can bring to the country;
Better management of network resources including mail and web servers.
Provide the best research platforms that are key for improvement of education in Tanzania.
tzNOG training (tzNOG 5) is planned to take place in Dodoma.
When: 3rd to 8th September 2017.
On 3rd September 2017 – Bootcamp (starting at 1400hrs)
a)Scalable Internet Services (SIS)
b)Systems and Networks Security (SNS)
Registration link: https://goo.gl/forms/9aqxRSeGVv60HLb43
TZS 300,000/= (if you pay before 25th August 2017)
TZS 350,000/= (if you pay between 25thAugust – 02nd September 2017)
Onsite registration is TZS 400,000/= (Registration onsite is discouraged)
Note that: The fee does NOT cover dinner and accommodation.
How to pay:
a) Cash or Cheque (tzNOG Project) at tzNIC offices;
b) Bank deposit – CRDB Bank, Account No. 0150014152702, Account Name: tzNOG Project
Once done, send the scanned bank slip with your name and registered track (SIS or R&S) email@example.com
Minimum selection requirements:
Technical staff managing internet resources/infrastructure such as mail servers, web servers, etc within their institutions.
Participant should have some Linux/UNIX experience and knowledge of TCP/IP protocols and layer 2 and layer 3 network basics.
Tanzania Network Information Centre (tzNIC) is the Internet registry for .tz domain names. We manage a system that locates where a .tz mail or web server is located.Through a consultative process, Tanzania Network information Centre (tzNIC), a not-for-Profit Company was established and registered (in 2006) to administer and manage the operations of the Tanzania country code Top Level Domain (.tz ccTLD). tzNIC is a limited company (by guarantee) with 2 founding members – TCRA (the regulator) and TISPA (the association of ISPs)
What we do
tzNIC’s core function is to manage and administer the .tz registry.
By so doing:
- We provide you the worldwide online visibility;
- We brand your service/business with Tanzanian cyber identity;
- We enhance your business competitive edge;
- We facilitate the localization of Internet traffic;
- We ensure affordable, secure, reliable and speedy electronic communication;
- We shape the development of Internet.
Frequently Asked Questions:
What is tzNIC?
tzNIC is a not for profit company that administers and manages the Internet registry for .tz domain names.
tzNIC is a not-for-profit organization – What does this mean?
tzNIC was not set up and is not constituted to make any profit from its activities. Accordingly its charges are sufficient only to cover its operating costs.
tzNIC is a company limited by guarantee – What does this mean?
As a company limited by guarantee, tzNIC has no shareholders and pays no dividend. It does have members only.
tzNIC is managed by The Policy Advisory Committee. The committee comprises eight (8) non-executive Directors. Each member (TCRA and TISPA) has equal representation in the PAC.
How many staff does tzNIC have?
Day to day tzNIC operations are carried out by 3 Technical and 2 non-technical staff.
How is tzNIC financed?
Currently the operating costs are covered by TCRA. In future the costs will be covered through the subscriptions of the registrars and domain name registration fees from the registrants.
Who are tzNIC members?
The current membership is mainly made up of Internet Service Providers Association (TISPA) and the Communication Regulatory (TCRA). These are the founding members.
What is a ccTLD?
ccTLD stands for country-code Top Level Domain (.tz, .uk, .ke)
-Provides a unique Internet identity related to countries just like telephone country code (+255, +44, +254)
-Is a country’s national internet resource
-It is a critical part of the internet structure (Domain name system)
-They differ with generic TLDs (.com, .org, .biz) as they refer to specific, unique country (Unique identification)
-They have more credibility as a result of country uniqueness (Comparatively- Juma = .com; Mabula = .tz)
What is a registry?
A registry serves as the authoritative repository for all information REQUIRED to resolve domain names registered in the registry’s top-level domain (TLD), or second-level domains (SLDs) if the reserved SLD mode is used (e.g., co.tz, ac.tz). The registry also maintains additional information such as the administration and technical contacts for the domain name, the billing contact, and the registrar who registered the domain name.
Who is a registrar?
A registrar provides services to the registrant (the person who registered a domain name) and provides the information to the registry. The registrar provides domain information (servers and contact and billing information) to the registry. The registrar MAY also provide additional value-added services to the registrant such as email, web hosting, etc. The registrant is the individual end-user who is requesting the domain name.
Normally, the registry and registrar organizations are separate. There is one registry which SHOULD be administered as a national trust because it is a natural monopoly by definition, and multiple registrars provide competition in registering names with the registry.
A country MAY begin registry services by also acting as the sole, initial registrar. These functions MAY be kept separate and the registrar MAY eventually be transitioned away from the registry as one of many registrars. However, combining the functions MAY also provide a simple, more efficient, organization with less overhead. Note, however, that this would now be a monopoly on two levels and separation later may be problematic.
Who is a registrant?
This refers to an entity or individual end-user who registers a domain name.
What is a domain name service?
Domain Name Service (DNS) is a hierarchical global distributed database that serves the communications through internet by translating the user friendly names (domain names) into numeric codes (IP addresses) understandable to computer or networking equipment, and vice versa.
Who is a ccTLD manager?
The ccTLD manager is an entity (company) or an individual that handles the daily country code Top Level Domain operations or activities on behalf of the local Internet community (LIC). The authority that delegates the responsibilities to the ccTLD Manager is ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers).
Who are the tzNIC stakeholders?
- Government = Facilitator
– Sponsoring entity
– Protecting public interests.
- Private sector = Implementer
– Have technical expertise/know-how
– Business oriented to ensure sustainability
– Protect private sector interests
- Small and Medium Enterprises (SME)
– They have potential for registration of new domain names
- Youth and civil society
– ICT advocacy
- The academia
– Scientific research and direction
What is the ccTLD re-delegation?
This is the process of changing the designated ccTLD administrative manager and/or the designated ccTLD Technical manager
Why re-delegate the .tz ccTLD?
Historically and due to poor Internet Infrastructure, most ccTLDs in Africa were and some are still being technically managed by foreign experts. With the current technological advancements, every country is striving to manage its ccTLD viz. to have its ccTLD registry system delegated to a local entity. The reasons behind .tz ccTLD re-delegation are: –
- To take full control of a ccTLD (.tz) as it is a national internet resource just as a country code number (255) is for the national PSTN.
- To further distribute and de-centralize the DNS system with added advantages of scalability, avoidance of single point of failure, improved performance (lower latency), keeping traffic in a local or regional context and thereby reducing the use of expensive international links.
What are the SLD categories?
- .co.tz – Only for registered company or business entity as defined under national laws.
- .or.tz – Only for none profit making organizations.
- .go.tz – Only for formal Tanzania Governmental entities as recognized through parliament or on production of a letter from relevant Permanent Secretary of the relevant government Ministry where the registrant belongs.
- .ac.tz – Only for formal tertiary academic or technical institutions with relevant accreditation.
- .ne.tz – Only for addressing the network of people and hardware.
- .mil.tz – Exclusively for Tanzania Military entities recognized by the Ministry responsible for Defense;
- .sc.tz – Only for schools that are elementary, primary and secondary level institutions.
What is a domain name?
Computers connected to the Internet have unique numerical addresses so that electronic information is delivered to the right place. The domain name system (DNS) translates the numerical addresses of computers into more user-friendly names. The resulting domain names are easier to remember and help people to find information on the Internet.
Domain names are used to identify particular web pages. For example, in the web site address “http://www.tznic.or.tz” the domain name is tznic.or.tz
Domain names are also used in e-mail addresses that enable people to send and receive electronic messages. For example, firstname.lastname@example.org
What is a name server set?
The name server set is a structure where both the actual name servers and the respective contacts of the technical administrators of these name servers are entered. Such set is then assigned to a domain name as a whole. The same name server set can be assigned to multiple domains. This makes it possible to simplify the name server administration in situations when the same name server set is used for multiple domains, allowing to unambiguously and logically assigning specific technical administrators to specific name servers.
AfNOG (See http://www.afnog.org) is a forum for cooperation and the exchange of technical information between operators of Internet-connected networks in Africa. AfNOG aims at building a community of engineers helping each other operate Internet Infrastructure in Africa, and on the Global Internet as well as promote the discussion of issues relating to implementation of new networks that require community cooperation.
AfNOG has since year 2000 organized their annual Event in a different African country each year.
“While AfNOG fuels the rapid growth of the Internet in Africa with trained technical capacity, our content has been determined by the needs of the community. In so doing AfNOG’s output training capacity has multiplied in the past decade and the community flourished”
About the Entire Event
Event Calendar include the following:
- AfNOG Workshop on Network Technology (offering advanced training in a week-long hands-on workshop)
- Several one /two full-day Advanced AfNOG Tutorials
- AfricaCERT Workshop & Tutorials
- AFRINIC Trainings
- AfREN Forum
- AfTLD – AROC Workshop & Meeting
- ISOC Africa Event
- A one-day AfNOG Plenary Session
- A three-day AFRINIC Plenary Session
In addition, several side meetings and workshops will be hosted in collaboration with other organizations.
A broad range of ICT Industry leaders and technical experts including Internet Service Providers (ISPs), Network Engineers who wish to acquire the necessary skills in ICT, Government, Regulators, Telecommunication companies and ICT vendors. It is a good opportunity for networking among peers and businesses.
Why Attend AfNOG?
- AfNOG addresses the current and future needs of operators in the ICT Industry
- It is focused on popular and emerging ICT issues such as Cyber Security, Mobile Networking among other
- It features discussions on a wide range of issues of the Internet including the current and newest trends in ICT
- Industry experts will be participating in conference sessions from thought-provoking and visionary keynote presentations to interactive panel sessions, all addressing the most pressing topics
AfNOG Workshop on Network Technology
The AfNOG Workshop on Network Technology aims to offer advanced training to people who are in the process of developing and enhancing an Internet-connected network with regional and international connectivity. The target audience includes senior and mid-level technical staff of commercial Internet service providers (ISPs), academic networks, government networks, or NGO networks.
This workshop builds on the experience of previous AfNOG workshops held annually from 2000 to 2016 in seventeen different African countries, and also the Internet Society’s INET workshops, held annually from 1993 to 2000 at eight locations around the world. The workshop’s Instructors are an international team with many years of experience in operating large networks and teaching about network operations.
The workshop is divided into Eight parallel tracks: ( 5 English & 1 French Tracks)
- SS-E: Scalable Internet Services (in English), focused on the design and operation of email, web, and other Internet services, in ways that can scale to handle large numbers of end users.
- SI-E: Scalable Network Infrastructure (in English), focused on the design and operation of networks using routers and switches, in ways that can scale to handle large numbers of interconnected sites.
- NM-E: Network Monitoring & Management (English)
- NM-F: Network Monitoring & Management (en francais), similar to track NM-E, but given in French.
- AR-E: Advanced Routing Techniques (English)
- CT-E: CERT Training (English)
Workshop application information is at :
**Workshop Deadline – 21st January, 2017
AfNOG will offer 1 to 2 full-day(s) tutorials on advanced topics. Tutorials take place in a classroom-style environment, and may include a hands-on practical component. Tutorials are non-commercial in nature, and most are technically oriented. They are intended to offer advanced training on technology already deployed or soon to be deployed on networking and related services provisioning for ISP operations.
Additional information about AfNOG 2017 Tutorials will be available here shortly:
The 18th AfNOG meeting will be held in Kenya on 30th May 2017. AfNOG conferences provide a forum for the coordination and dissemination of technical information related to backbone/enterprise networking technologies and operational practices. The meetings are informal, with an emphasis on relevance to current and future African backbone engineering practices. The AfNOG 2016 conference in Botswana drew over 300 participants, mainly consisting of network engineering staff from lnternet Service providers, Telecommunication Companies, Government, Research and Education community, Civil Society.
Additional information and the Conference schedule will be available here shortly:
The East Africa Peering and Interconnection Forum (EAPIF) is a new event focused specifically on matters related to regional Internet infrastructure and connectivity. It aims to bring together key stakeholders from regional governments and the private sector in order to foster alignment and accelerate the growth of the East African Internet ecosystem.
EAPIF is the result of a collaborative effort by the East Africa Communications Organization (EACO) and regional Internet exchange point (IXP) operators.
Who should attend: Chief Executives Officers, Chief Technology Officers, Peering Coordinators and Business Development Managers from the East African region, Internet Service Providers and Operators, Telecommunications Policy-makers and Regulators, Content Providers, Internet Exchange Point (IXP) Operators, Infrastructure Providers, Data Center Managers, National Research and Education Networks (NRENs), Carriers and Transit Providers and Financial Organizations.